Shakespeare’s Presentation of Family Relationships in Hamlet


Hamlet has three major families which are the main focus in the play. The family is Hamlet’s family, Polonius’s family, and Fortinbras’s family. There are many similarities and differences between the three different families. One commonality among the three families is that at least one member of their family has a hidden agenda. Hamlet seeks revenge against Claudius and the reason Claudius did this was to become the new king of Denmark. Lortes seeks revenge on his father Polonius, who was killed by Hamlet. Fortinbras finally has a hidden agenda when he initially states that he wants to pass through Denmark to invade Poland but suspects to have a secret agenda to overthrow Denmark and reclaim that land The old king of Denmark defeated his father and became king.

Hamlet also has espionage among the families and this shows a lack of trust. An example would be when Polonius sends Detective Reynoldo to go and spy Laertes because he suspects that his son is not well. He says, “Take this lie of the truth of your untruth”, it is a metaphor and means to just use a subtle lie and catch the truth. Polonius is stating that the cover of lies is used for more information and in particular to find out the truth. This idea of ​​lying and finding out the truth can be supported even when Polonius says “with windlace and with prejudice”, which can again be interpreted as indirect efforts, so the truth comes to the fore. is. The meaning of the “windlass” metaphor is, for example, decaying an animal by making an indirect approach, and therefore telling a small lie by Reynaldo as a decoy and an indirect attempt to find out the truth. .

This absence of trust can also be seen in the family relations of Hamlet and Claudius as Hamlet knows that his uncle made his brother the king and Claudius considers Hamlet a threat to his throne and at one time attempts to send him to England. Also does and does he killed there. The reason Claudius sends Hamlet to England is explained when Claudius says “because yet your cicatrice looks raw and red … you probably won’t be cold.” Cicatrice is a wound or wound and the notion that England has recently been wounded by a Danish sword and is therefore more likely to fulfill the king’s command to kill Hamlet. At the same time a cold set may mean that they are unlikely to be set apart and ignore the fact that Hamlet who is from Denmark is coming to England and with orders to kill him they can Not ready to set aside and survive it.

Shakespeare also inspired the Hamlet family to be especially his mother and uncle, who are now married after an old-fashioned death. Hamlet is disgusted that his mother is able to move so quickly and heats the bed of old kings with his brother. For the first time in Hamlets he said that the time after his father’s death and his mother’s remarriage is “two months”. Ophelia, on the other hand, stated that it had been “twice to two months” since the death of the old king and therefore it could be said that Hamlet would have expressed his disrespect for what his mother and uncle had done by marrying exaggeratedly. is. A mistake has been made.

In the first Soliloki he also says “such an excellent king, that there was a satire from this Hyperion”. Here this first part shows how Hamlet is hostile to his uncle the new king and his father, saying what the king once was and now look at him. He compares the two as the family and the role of the king. In both circumstances, it seems that Hamlet dislikes his uncle and does not trust him. The “exaggeration of satire” again shows how he compares his uncle to both the new king and his father to the old king, stating that his father is an “exaggeration”, the Greek god of the sun who is his He uses the original imagination on ideas as his father Surya which is essential for all existence for life. He then states that his uncle is a “satyr”, a ravenous creature, half human and half goat. He was also associated with intoxication and lechery. This can again be linked to the fact of Hamlet and the disgust and disgust at what his uncle and mother have done at one point by marrying and sharing a bed shared by mother and old king.

This adventurous family of Hamlets may be one of the reasons that if they do not cause Hamlet to go downstream in a spiral and that eventually leads to revenge and a fragile situation. This fact can also be supported by the whole reason Hamlet also considers revenge in the first place that his uncle was killed which is also a biblical reference to the story of Cain and Abel. In this story one brother killed the other due to jealousy, greed and then later marrying the wife of the deceased brother. This biblical reference is well known to what Hamlet Uncle has done because he killed his brother for power and greed for the throne of Denmark and then marries his brother’s wife . Hamlet refers to this as “the greatest sin”.

Hamlet’s passion for revenge from his uncle can also be seen as the Oedipus complex which was developed by a man named Freud after seeing Hamlet. If his theory were to be used to describe Hamlet’s actions and interactions with his mother and his uncle then it would be that Hamlet would want to get rid of his uncle because of his sexual desire for his mother.

In conclusion, Shakespeare’s presentation of Hamlet’s complex family relationships is very well done and interconnected with the plot overall very well.

Leave a Comment